Context

This Mediterranean focus is motivated by the diversity of ecosystems within the Mediterranean biogeographical zone. Furthermore,  the Mediterranean is one of the 35 hot spots of the global biodiversity, which means the areas of the planet where the biodiversity is especially rich and endangered. Since 2015, 31 ecosystems have been identified, defined and measured, in order to raise awareness and to help the deciders and the territories stakeholders to better plan the land development. 

 

Supported project

The L'OCCITANE Foundation accompanies the French Committee of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN). The supported project aims to establish a red list of Mediterranean coastal ecosystems. The red lists put in place by IUCN are knowledge tools that inform policy makers, environmental stakeholders and the general public about the risks of biodiversity loss. They are used to build conservation strategies, identify priorities for action, evolve policies and regulations, and raise awareness among stakeholders and the general public.

Some figures

The aim of the project is to develop a new global standard for assessing the risk of ecosystem collapse, by defining criteria and quantitative thresholds corresponding to different categories of threats. This methodology makes it possible to make globally comparable and reproducible the analyses carried out in terms of knowledge of ecosystems, to better monitor the changes they are experiencing and to enable the definition of priorities for action for their management and conservation.

2019 budget 20 000 euros

History

Project supported since 2015

Total budget 70 000 euros

Total goal 31 evaluated ecosystems

A total of 31 ecosystems have been identified and assessed since 2015. The results of the first chapter on Mediterranean forests made it possible to assess 19 ecosystems and show that 21% of them are threatened and 37% almost threatened. The main pressures are related to the artificialization of territories, in particular due to urban sprawl, the introduction of non-indigenous species and climate change, responsible for the aridification of the Mediterranean climate and the intensification of fire regimes. The results also highlight the consequences of agricultural and pastoral depopulation which are causing changes in the composition of certain forests.